New ILO study shows that Vietnam ranks 76th out of 108 countries in proportion of women managers at 23 %.
While women are still under-represented in top management, the number of women in senior and middle management positions has increased over the last 20 years, a new study by the International Labour Organization finds.
According to Women in Business and Management: Gaining Momentum, women’s %age share of all managers ranges from 2.1 % in the lowest-ranked country of Yemen to 59.3 % in Jamaica, which tops the list of 108 countries. Vietnam ranks 76th with 23 % of women in business management.
In Asia, the highest ranking country is the Philippines in 4th place (47.6 %), followed by Mongolia with 41.9 % in 17th place.
As the proportion of women managers has increased over the past years in most of the countries where the ILO has available data, Vietnam has also recorded a slight improvement. Also according to Vietnam’s Labour Force Surveys, the share of women among “leaders, managers and administrators” increased by 0.5 % to 24.4 in 2013 compared to 2012 and 0.6 % between 2011 and 2012.
“Our research is showing that women’s ever increasing participation in the labour market has been the biggest engine of global growth and competitiveness,” says Deborah France-Massin, Director of the ILO Bureau for Employers’ Activities.
“An increasing number of studies are also demonstrating positive links between women’s participation in top decision making teams and structures and business performance. But there is a long way to go before we achieve true gender equality in the workplace, especially when it comes to top management positions.”
Only 5 % or less of the CEOs of the world’s largest corporations are women, the ILO report shows. The larger the company, the less likely the head will be a woman.
In Vietnam, data from Global Women CEO Project under the France-based organization – Intelligence Financial Research and Consulting – indicate that 7 % of the CEOs among more than 600 surveyed companies are women and female board members account for 14 %.
“It is critical for more women to reach senior management positions in strategic areas to build a pool of potential candidates for top jobs such as CEO or company presidents,” explained France-Massin. “However, ‘glass walls’ still exist with the concentration of women in certain types of management functions like HR, communications and administration”, she added.
Today, women own and manage over 30 % of all businesses globally (29.5 % of employers in Vietnam are women, according to the 2013 Labour Force Survey), but they are more likely to be found in micro and small enterprises. Getting more women to grow their businesses is not only critical for equality but also for national development, shows the report.
The authors underline that women and girls receive almost half of all educational resources, thus representing a significant proportion of the available talent pool. The case of Vietnam is no different.
UNESCO data indicate that among those with tertiary education, women always outnumbered men in the period between 2007 and 2011.
There is also evidence of the benefits to business of tapping into the talent pool that women represent – including being in tune with a consumer market increasingly driven by women. As women often control household budgets and financial decisions and their purchasing power has increased, they are significant consumers and clients of products and services. Therefore, decision-making roles in enterprises should be represented by both women and men.
“Supporting women to advance in their career is not only an issue of gender equality but also makes good business sense,” said ILO Vietnam Director Gyorgy Sziraczki.
“Promoting the diversity in management by having more women in top positions is key to increase companies’ productivity and competitiveness, thereby seizing the economic and social benefits of the country’s deepening integration”, he said.